Newborns will also be infected! To prevent new Coronavirus, please do so! - The Koch Family
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Newborns will also be infected! To prevent new Coronavirus, please do so!

   The recent emergence of new Coronavirus has caused panic, especially for families with children at home, so this article is mainly for families with children, how to prevent new Coronavirus infection.

   1. Will COVID-19 infection occur in newborns?

  As of February 5, three newborns have been diagnosed as children with COVID-19 infection, including two cases in Wuhan, Hubei and one case in Xinyang, Henan. One of the two infected neonates in Wuhan was born with a positive nucleic acid test at only 36 hours, and the Xinyang infected neonate had a positive nucleic acid test 5 days after birth. It is worth noting that the mothers of these two infected children have been diagnosed as patients with new coronary infections. Therefore, for all babies, we need careful protection.

   2. What are the ways or ways to infect newborns with COVID-19?

  COVID-19 infection may be transmitted through droplet transmission (between family members, family visitors), close contact transmission and hospital-acquired infection. In addition to these methods, newborns may also be transmitted through breast-to-mouth transmission through mother-to-child vertical transmission of infected mothers and breastfeeding.

   3. Which newborns need to check for COVID-19 infection?

   Those diagnosed with maternal or highly suspected infection;

   Maternity is in close contact with people diagnosed or highly suspected of infection by family members;

   There are confirmed and highly suspected infections in the home care staff after the birth of the newborn.

   4. What are the symptoms of neonatal infection after COVID-19?

Compared with adult patients, the symptoms of neonates infected with COVID-19 are not typical, and the onset may be more hidden. The common symptoms are fever, poor mental response, poor milk intake, mouth breathing, wheezing, shortness of breath, moaning, and nostrils. , Nod breathing, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.

   5. Can the newborns of pregnant women who are suspected of COVID-19 infection or those who have been in contact with patients be isolated at home?

  For newborns born to mothers who are suspected of COVID-19 infection before birth, they cannot be isolated at home after birth. It is recommended that newborns be isolated and observed in medical institutions that have the ability to prevent and control the isolation of COVID-19 infected newborns. For newborns who have been in close contact with suspected/confirmed patients (newborn caregivers), fever, cough, dyspnea, poor mental response, poor milk intake, and repeated vomiting should be immediately transferred to newborns with COVID-19 infection Observation in designated medical institutions in isolated diagnosis and treatment areas. Asymptomatic neonates who have been in close contact or have been in brief contact with suspected/confirmed patients (newborn caregivers) can be isolated at home, but pay close attention to them and see the doctor immediately if they have symptoms.

   6. How to care for newborns during home isolation?

   Maintain the ventilation of the living room, the daily necessities shall be used exclusively by special persons, and be separately washed and disinfected. Pay attention to opening the window for ventilation, 2 to 3 times a day, at least 30 minutes each time. Set up a special trash can covered with plastic bags and capped. Used paper towels, wipes, diapers, etc. are placed in a dedicated trash bin and cleaned every day. Before cleaning, spray or pour the garbage with chlorine-containing disinfectant containing 500-1000 mg/L of available chlorine until it is completely wet, and then tighten the plastic bag mouth.

   Family observation: take body temperature every morning, night and night, and record it in the register; record feeding and breathing (normal neonatal breathing frequency is 35-45 times/min). If you have fever, poor feeding, poor mental response, shortness of breath, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms, you should immediately go to a designated hospital with the ability to prevent and control COVID-19 infection of the newborn.

        Disinfection of household preventive items: tabletops, cribs and other newborns may come into contact with the surface of items used daily, wipe with a chlorine-containing disinfectant containing 250-500 mg/L of available chlorine, and then clean with clean water at least once a day; the ground daily Use chlorine-containing disinfectant containing 250-500mg/L of available chlorine for wet mopping; daily fabrics (such as towels, bath towels, clothing, quilts, etc.) are soaked with chlorine-containing disinfectant containing 250-500mg/L of effective chlorine for 1 hour , Or sterilized by boiling for 15 minutes. It can boil for 15 minutes for heat-resistant items such as feeding bottles and teats.

   7. How to breastfeed during the epidemic?

  Pay attention to the cleanliness of hands and breasts when breastfeeding. Since it is unclear whether COVID-19 is present in breast milk, breastfeeding is not recommended for suspected/confirmed cases. However, it is recommended to express milk regularly to ensure lactation until the COVID-19 infection is eliminated or cured before breastfeeding.

   8. Do newborns with no history of contact need to check for COVID-19 infection, how to observe?

   If the newborn has no history of contact, no special discomfort, no routine investigation is required, and normal newborn care is required. Pay attention to observe the baby's mental state, breathing, breastfeeding and sleep. If fever, poor feeding, poor mental response, shortness of breath, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms should be seen in a timely manner.

   9. How to prevent neonatal infection COVID-19 infection?

  Prevent COVID-19 infections of newborns, the most important thing is to prevent maternal infections and reduce the possibility of exposure to the virus. Parents or caregivers who live in the same room as the newborn should pay attention to their own protection, avoid going to crowded public places, and minimize going out. When you have to go out, you should wear masks, change clothes after going home, and wash your hands thoroughly before touching the newborn. Wear masks when touching newborns, do not kiss your baby, do not breathe or breathe, and do not share tableware and drinking utensils with your baby.

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